The fungi industry is growing its network. For generations, fungi have been utilised for a variety of applications to benefit humans, in large due to their capacity to produce an enormous range of natural products with antimicrobial and other biological activities. The discovery of penicillin in 1928 by Alexander Fleming, and the pioneering work of Florey and Chain to develop the fungal-derived substance for medical applications, launched the industrial production of antibiotics, vitamins and anti-cancer drugs developed from mushroom species. Subsequently, advancements in the fields of genetic engineering and synthetic biology have revolutionised fungi’s food and alcohol applications, as the efficiency and precision of developing fungal products like cheese and wine has increased. But it hasn’t stopped there. Fungi are now entering the lifestyle market…Read More
Seafood is beloved by many and there is an ever-growing market for it. However, our hunger for fish is exhausting marine ecosystems, with more than 70 percent of the world’s fisheries being either significantly depleted, over exploited, or fully exploited.
One alternative to common fishing and a response to a growing world-wide demand is fish farming, also known as aquaculture. However, this brings with it an enormously detrimental environmental impact, due to the large amount of fish meal needed to feed the mass of cultured fish, which is sourced from the ocean, and the waste produced by these farms, and natural habitats being replaced by such farms. Due the huge number of fish confined in small farms, diseases and parasites spread rapidly. Not only that, but increasing ocean pollution and fish farms bring with them unwanted contaminants such as microplastic, mercury and antibiotics, which end up on our plates.Read More
There is a pressing need to develop alternatives to fossil-fuel-derived oils that are used in our transport vehicles. The term “petroleum” covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and products made up of refined crude oil, which is obtained via drilling into geological formations beneath the Earth’s surface. Over the last decade, environmental groups have been keen to stress the negative environmental effects of the petroleum industry: the combustion of such fuels contributes to climate change and acid rain, oil spills are damaging to aquatic organisms, and drilling can influence seismic activity. That’s to name a few. But change is coming.Read More